The JHS is the largest single-site, community-based epidemiologic investigation of environmental and genetic factors associated with cardiovascular disease among African Americans ever undertaken. and funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD).
Cardiology Dr. Daniel Hale Williams III, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, was one of the first physicians to perform successful open heart surgery in the United States. Williams graduated with an M.D. in 1883 at Chicago Medical College.
The Bird Mark 7 Respirator is powered by oxygen or compressed air at a range of supply pressures. It is a non-rebreathing ventilator designed to deliver the driving gas with or without entrained air to the patient. Inspiration, can be cycled automatically or patient triggered. The ventilator functions as either a flow generator or pressure generator in inspiration depending on whether air entrainment is in use or not. Inspiratory pressure can be adjusted between 5 and 60 cmH2 O. The changeover from inspiration to expiration is pressure cycled and from expiration to inspiration by time. The flow of gas into the breathing circuit is controlled by a sliding ceramic valve, the movement of which is determined by plates and magnets at each end. The detailed operation can be understood by referring to Automatic Ventilation of the Lungs6.
View the full article, courtesy of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Vol. 40, No. 4, July 2012.
The replacement of renal function by hemodialysis (HD) demonstrated for the first time that at least the most vital functions of a complex organ could be replaced by a man-made device. The Founding Father of dialysis is the Scottish chemist Thomas Graham who in 1861 found that colloid and crystalloid substances contained in fluids could be separated by diffusion of crystalloids through vegetable parchment acting as a semipermeable membrane. He coined this phenomenon as "dialysis". Fifty years later, using collodion as dialysis membrane and hirudin as anticoagulant (ATG), Abel et al. in Baltimore performed the first dialysis in dogs with a "vivi-diffusion" apparatus shortly after named "artificial kidney"(AK).
View full abstract at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19481513/.
The liver has the greatest regenerative capacity of any organ in the body. Liver regeneration has been recognized for many years, dating all the way back to Prometheus in ancient Greek mythology.
When the liver is injured beyond its ability to regenerate itself, a liver transplant is the treatment of choice. Transplants are used to treat a wide range of liver conditions, including liver cancer, cirrhotic liver disease, acute liver failure and genetic liver disorders.
Learn more about full liver registration at https://www.mayo.edu/research/centers-programs/center-regenerative-medicine/focus-areas/liver-regeneration.
He’s the First African American to Receive a Face Transplant. His Story Could Change Health Care
The face, offered in May 2018, had belonged to a man with skin that was much fairer than what remained of Chelsea’s—so light that Chelsea, who is African American, couldn’t bear the thought of becoming “a totally different looking person.”
Read the full story at https://time.com/5709294/first-african-american-face-transplant/.
Learn more information about all OPTN Board of Directors and committee actions involved in developing the policies to remove donation service area (DSA) and OPTN region from kidney and pancreas allocation. The policies were implemented March 15, 2021.
A former Army drill sergeant leader has a belly button again — and a new life — thanks to a teenage organ donor and a team of doctors at Duke University Hospital.
Johnathan Nauta, 37, of Fayetteville, received a simultaneous abdominal wall and bowel transplant on Oct. 12 at Duke that lasted 14 hours and involved a team of 25 doctors, nurses and staff. It was the first abdominal wall transplant in the Carolinas.